Blunt’s Town & Davy’s Town on the eve of the Trail of Tears

by Dale Cox

The Apalachicola River as seen from the site of Blunt’s Reservation in Calhoun County, Florida.

The Apalachicola Band of Muscogee (Creek) and Seminole Indians was concentrated on three small reservations along the Chattahoochee and Apalachicola Rivers by 1833.

The first two of these reserves were led by Econchattimico and John Yellowhair and lay within Jackson County, Florida (Please click here to see the 1833 census of those towns). The third, headed by Col. John Blunt, was on the site of present-day Blountstown in Calhoun County, Florida.

The Calhoun County reserve was the site of two closely-affiliated communities led respectively by Col. Blunt and the chief Davy. It surrounded the former plantation of William Hambly, a trader and farmer who lived along the Apalachicola in ca. 1804-1817. He was a sometimes employee of John Forbes & Company, the Pensacola firm that operated a trading post or store at Prospect Bluff on the lower Apalachicola River until his capture by Red Stick Creek warriors under the Prophet Josiah Francis in December 1817. Hambly remained in Florida after that date, but the site of his plantation in Calhoun County was gradually absorbed into the holdings of Blunt and his followers.

John Blunt planned to voluntarily leave the United States and give up his lands on the Apalachicola. His uncle, Red Shoes, already lived on the Trinity River in Texas and the chief and most of his followers planned to join him there. Texas was then part of Mexico and the move would put them beyond the power of the United States.

Preparatory to this move, government agents conducted a census of Blunt’s and Davy’s Towns. Please note that the spellings on the lists below are given as transcribed by U.S. Government employees in 1835. They may or may not match generally accepted Muscogee spellings.

The Blunt Reservation historical marker on the grounds of the old courthouse in Blountstown, Florida.

Census of Iola or Blunt’s Town

Iola or Blunt’s Town stood along the ridge where the downtown area of Blountstown is now located. The modern community bears the name of the earlier Native American one, although the spelling has become corrupted over time. Note that the town of Iola was at Blountstown, not today’s Iola Landing which is lower down the Apalachicola River.

John Blunt was an intriguing individual. He was a resident of the important Upper Creek town of Tuckabatchee before the Creek War of 1813-1814, but joined the Red Stick forces of the Prophet Josiah Francis and fought against the traditional leaders of the nation in that war. He left present-day Alabama when the war turned against the Red Sticks and resettled at the Spanish Bluff on the Apalachicola River. The bluff is the higher ground at modern Blountstown.

Blunt supported the British during the Gulf Campaign of the War of 1812, joining their forces at Prospect Bluff (sometimes called the “Negro Fort” or Fort Gadsden). His warriors were rearmed and supplied by the British, but so far as is known took part in no actions against the United States.

The British departure from the region at the end of the war convinced the chief that there was no future in further opposing the United States. He allied with the United States during the “Negro Fort” Campaign of 1816 and guided Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson’s army on its 1818 First Seminole War invasion of Florida. Jackson sent him to Washington, D.C., as a reward for his service and in 1823 Blunt was assigned a reservation at the Blountstown site under the terms of the Treaty of Moultrie Creek.

Name Age Status Wives Children
John Blunt 60 Head Chief of all the Towns 1 4
Tuskina Haw 40 Second Chief 1 2
Hopia Hajo 35 1 1
Tuskennehee Hajo 40 1 2
Lathla Hajo 40 1 4
Cotcha Holo 30 1
Hoaspa 43 1 2
Echo Hajo 30 1
Cotcha Tustenuggee 30 1 2
Conip Hajo 30
Tommy Ahola 35 1 1
Eholahaja 25 1 1
Emathlahaja 25 1 1
Temothliga 25 2 2
Eoyothpe 20
Masecoyee 25
Pocca Hajo 20
Sitchee 16
Poaka 15
Tithlaga 18
Cealata 14
Paos Hajo 25 1 2
Sathabothka 25
Miccohalye 35 1 2
Ahlahaholya (Jno. Mealy) 30 1 2
Tommy Hajo (Jack Mealy) 25 2 4
Ceatto 12
Teithka 25 1
Sialithkee 18 2
Sosa (Captain Westcott) 12
Waccihajo 30 1 2
Nocpostaga 25
Sulletiga 12
Sockehosa 30
Cheewannee 12
Cotchee 12
Johnny 25 1 2
Sammy 30 1 3
Chefixico Hajo 30 1 1
Socha Toathka 18
Sintithchee 15
Coleha Hajo 25 1 1
Tewisthka 20 1 1
Totehiaka 15
Emathachee 24 2
Pallapoosa 23 1
Pairhosamthee 35 1 2
Sinichee 12
Polo 12
Ocoska (Daniel) 30 1
Ellessa 30 1 1
Abothka 11
Smithka 11
Bathhajo 13
Inloathee 65  “Half Negro”
Cotchaficcico 30 1 3
Ceoyanee 15
Echeehola 25 1 1
Yatta Heyo 25 2 3
Ochifee 15
Mingo 25
Saffo Buchee 12
Talmassa 50
Timalatchee 28 3
Kingithga 13
Holochee 12
Tommy 12
Joe 60 “Slave”
Bob 45 “Slave”
Mundy 30 “Slave”
Cudjo 30 “Slave”
Melly 20 “Slave”
Herson 1 ½ “Slave”
Hamiah 12 “Slave”
Cuffee 50 “Slave”
Unknown “Slave” Woman
Unknown Male Orphan Child
Unknown Male Orphan Child
Unknown Male Orphan Child
Unknown Male Orphan Child
Unknown Male Orphan Child
Old Adam 120 Black Warrior
Alumnee 60 Black Warrior
Sampson 30 Black Warrior
Unknown Black Warrior

Total Number in Iola or Blunt’s Town: 176

 

The historical marker for Cochrane (Davy’s) Town in Blountstown, Florida.

Spanawalka or Davy’s Town

Less is known about the chief Davy than about John Blunt. He was the head chief of his own town but was subsidiary to Blunt both on the Blountstown reservation and in leadership of the Apalachicola Band. His town site was near Blunt’s and between Old River and Noble Lake at Blountstown.

Davy was the successor of Tuskie Hadjo or Cochrane (Corakko), who settled the area with Blunt at the end of the Creek War of 1813-1814. The town suffered heavily when it was attacked by Red Stick, Miccosukee and Seminole warriors under the Prophet Josiah Francis on December 13, 1817. The prophet’s forces raided Spanawalka and Blunt’s Town for supplies and forced some of the warriors to join them in their attack on U.S. supply boats at the Battle of Ocheesee two days later.

Name Age Head Chief Wives Children
Davy 46 Head Chief 1
Olathla Hajo 30 Second Chief 1
Cotcheticcico 1 1
Conchattee 35 1 3
Talladig Hajo 30 2 5
Coathlocco 35 1
Charly Emathla 25 2 2
Foosa Hajo 30 Warrior
Nocoosa Hajo 35 1 1
Miccopoilga 35
Oso Hajo 35 1 2
Nocoosa Emathla 30 2 3
Chenasti Hajo 40
Timmocca 20
Senojathchu 18 1
Cochus Haja 40 1
Holathlu Halthla 40 1 1
Tallahassee Hajo 30 1
Alithka 30
Foosa he Mathla 35 1 3
Scona 13
Simsumca 22
Sitochu 24
Sofet ga 15

 Total Number in Spanawalka or Davy’s Town:               63

Total Native American Population in Calhoun County, Florida:  239