Tag Archives: Muscogee (Creek) Nation

1842 Creek Indian attack at Orange Hill near Chipley, Florida

The Perkins attack or massacre took place somewhere on the top of Orange Hill in Washington County, Florida.
The Perkins attack or massacre took place somewhere on the top of Orange Hill in Washington County, Florida.

Orange Hill near Chipley is one of the highest hills in the State of Florida.

It was settled in the early 1800s and by 1842 was a thriving little community of farmers and planters. Among these was Stephen Perkins, a farmer and the head of a growing family that included his wife and four children.

Their dreams ended in disaster on August 31, 1842 when they were attacked by a party of Creek Indian warriors. Here is the full story:

The story of how and why the small band of Muscogee (Creek) Indians wound up in the area is equally tragic. They escaped into Florida from a concentration camp in Alabama after being attacked there by white outlaws.

From that time until 1844 they carried out occasional raids against frontier homes to obtain food, ammunition and other necessities.

When attacked in Alabama they had seen unarmed members of their group killed and assaulted and once in Florida they often took revenge during raids against frontier homes and farms.

Learn more about one such band of Creeks in this video: