Tag Archives: Creek War

Fort Gaines, Georgia (1816)

Fort Gaines was an important military post of the First Seminole War. It protected the Georgia frontier in 1816-1821.

The fort was named for Maj. Gen. Edmund Pendleton Gaines, a hero of the War of 1812, and was built to guard the southern border of the Creek Nation as defined by the Treaty of Fort Jackson.

Restored blockhouse of the 1816 stockade at Fort Gaines, Georgia.

The fort served as a command post for operations down the Chattahoochee and Apalachicola Rivers in 1816. This expedition by the Lt. Col. Duncan Lamont Clinch and the 4th U.S. Infantry resulted in the bloody destruction of the Fort at Prospect Bluff (called the “Negro Fort” by U.S. officials).

Fort Gaines was an important supply depot and defensive point during the First Seminole War (1817-1818) and continued to guard Southwest Georgia and Southeast Alabama until 1821.

A reconstructed blockhouse, historical marker and interpretive kiosk mark the site of the fort in today’s city of Fort Gaines, Georgia. Markers, earthworks and a Confederate cannon mark the nearby sites of the second and third Fort Gaines, which were built in the Creek War of 1836 and the War Between the States (or Civil War).

The restored blockhouse is at the edge of the bluff near 100 Bluff Street, Fort Gaines, Georgia. See the map for directions:

1842 Creek Indian attack at Orange Hill near Chipley, Florida

The Perkins attack or massacre took place somewhere on the top of Orange Hill in Washington County, Florida.
The Perkins attack or massacre took place somewhere on the top of Orange Hill in Washington County, Florida.

Orange Hill near Chipley is one of the highest hills in the State of Florida.

It was settled in the early 1800s and by 1842 was a thriving little community of farmers and planters. Among these was Stephen Perkins, a farmer and the head of a growing family that included his wife and four children.

Their dreams ended in disaster on August 31, 1842 when they were attacked by a party of Creek Indian warriors. Here is the full story:

The story of how and why the small band of Muscogee (Creek) Indians wound up in the area is equally tragic. They escaped into Florida from a concentration camp in Alabama after being attacked there by white outlaws.

From that time until 1844 they carried out occasional raids against frontier homes to obtain food, ammunition and other necessities.

When attacked in Alabama they had seen unarmed members of their group killed and assaulted and once in Florida they often took revenge during raids against frontier homes and farms.

Learn more about one such band of Creeks in this video:

The 1836 Attack on Roanoke, Georgia

The most significant Native American victory of the Creek War of 1836 was the Creek Indian attack on Roanoke, Georgia.

Click play to learn more:

The historical marker for Roanoke is located on the west side of GA-39 between Rood Creek Landing Road and Rood Creek Road Connector 2.5 miles south of Florence Marina State Park. Nearby Rood Creek Park is a great place for a picnic lunch.

The Creek War of 1836 was the last major stand by elements of the Creek Nation against forced removal to what is now Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears. Watch for Two Egg TV’s coming documentary on this conflict.

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2nd Seminole/Creek War on the Apalachicola River, FL

U.S. regular and militia forces battled bands of refugee Creek warriors engaged in a bloody war for survival along Florida’s Apalachicola River in 1836-1843.  The following full-length program from Two Egg TV features a discussion by historian and author Dale Cox recorded at the Apalachicola Arsenal & Conference Center in Chattahoochee, FL.

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