Category Archives: Seminole War

Chattahoochee kicks off 200th anniversary of Scott Massacre of 1817

Chattahoochee and community leaders gather to announce plans for a 200th anniversary commemoration of the Scott Massacre of 1817.
Chattahoochee and community leaders gather to announce plans for a 200th anniversary commemoration of the Scott Massacre of 1817.

Chattahoochee Main Street and the City of Chattahoochee have officially kicked off the 200th anniversary commemoration of the Scott Massacre of 1817.

This battle was the first U.S. defeat of the Seminole Wars and took place at what is now River Landing Park in Chattahoochee. A large force of Red Stick Creek, Seminole, Miccosukee and maroon (Black Seminole) warriors captured a U.S. Army supply boat commanded by Lt. Richard W. Scott of the 7th Infantry Regiment.

The attack ended with the deaths of 34 U.S. soldiers, 6 women and 4 children. A seventh woman, Mrs. Elizabeth Stewart, was taken prisoner and later freed by Brig. Gen. William McIntosh’s U.S. Creek Brigade at the Battle of Econfina.

The kickoff press conference formally announced plans for a commemorative event that will be held at River Landing Park in Chattahoochee on December 1 & 2, 2017:

Plans for the event include living history encampments and demonstrations, memorial services, exhibits, vendors, a marker unveiling, music and entertainment, a chance to meet Florida authors, a military parade and more. The event has been named an official event for the 7th Infantry Living History Association, which portrays the regiment of Lt. Scott and many of his men.

Additional reenactors, vendors, exhibitors and entertainers are needed. If you are interested in the era of the First Seminole War (1817-1818) and would like to participate, please email Chattahoochee Main Street at or call (850) 663-2323/(623) 249-0076.

Here are some additional photos from this week’s press conference:

Dale Cox, author of "The Scott Massacre of 1817," speaks at the press conference.
Dale Cox, author of “The Scott Massacre of 1817,” speaks at the press conference.
Discussion about the history of River Landing Park and the Scott Massacre of 1817 continued long after the end of the press conference.
“Lizzie got a gun!” Elizabeth Stewart (portrayed by Two Egg TV’s Rachael Conrad) shows off her weaponry skills.
Elizabeth Stewart (L), the sole female survivor of the battle, talks with Creek reenactors.
Living history was on display at the announcement press conference.

To learn more about River Landing Park, site of the Scott Massacre of 1817, please enjoy this video from Chattahoochee Main Street, Visit Florida and Two Egg TV:




Wedding Oak at Prospect Bluff in Apalachicola National Forest of Florida

The historic Wedding Oak at Fort Gadsden in the Apalachicola National Forest is not Florida’s oldest tree, but this beautiful old live oak has a remarkable history:

Fort Gadsden is now part of Prospect Bluff Historic Sites in the Apalachicola National Forest. The park is located near Sumatra, Florida.

Please click here for directions and to make sure the site is open before visiting.

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Fort Scott, Fort Hughes & Camp Recovery documentary

Two Egg TV’s new full-length documentary “Fort Scott, Fort Hughes & Camp Recovery” is now available! Step back in time to the early days of the Seminole Wars with this fascinating 22 minute program:


If you enjoyed your documentary, be sure to check out Dale Cox’s companion volume, Fort Scott, Fort Hughes & Camp Recovery.

Fort Gaines, GA turns 200!

A restored blockhouse stands atop the bluff where the original Fort Gaines was built 200 years ago.
A restored blockhouse stands atop the bluff where the original Fort Gaines was built 200 years ago.

Fort Gaines, the historic Georgia city overlooking the Chattahoochee River, is now 200 years old. (Be sure to see the video at the bottom of this page!)

Located on the sites of American Indian settlements dating back thousands of years, the city takes its name from a frontier military post established by U.S. troops on April 2, 1816. The high bluff was then at the very edge of the country’s frontier and settlers trickling into lands ceded from the Creek Nation by the Treaty of Fort Jackson were facing resistance from Creek and Seminole warriors.

Site of Fort Gaines.
Site of Fort Gaines.

To counter reports of growing anger among the American Indians living on the Chattahoochee, Flint and Apalachicola Rivers, Maj. Gen. Edmund Pendleton Gaines accompanied a battalion from the 4th U.S. Infantry down the Chattahoochee from Fort Mitchell, Alabama. The troops were under the immediate command of Lt. Col. Duncan Lamont Clinch and arrived at the present site of Fort Gaines 200 years ago today.

Maj. Gen. Edmund P. Gaines
Maj. Gen. Edmund P. Gaines

The general described his arrival at the site in a letter to Major General Andrew Jackson:

I descended the Chattahoochee with a battalion of the 4th from Fort Mitchell to the mouth of Summochechoba Creek where I left it in the command of Lt. Col. Clinch on the 7th inst. The Lt. Colonel has commenced a small work, consisting of a square picketing and two block houses, to be defended by one company. The site is strong, handsome and apparently healthy. It is upon the left bank of the river on a hill or bluff 133 feet, nearly perpendicular from the edge of the water. (Maj. Gen. Edmund P. Gaines to Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson, April 18, 1816)

Lt. Col. Duncan L. Clinch 4th U.S. Infantry
Lt. Col. Duncan L. Clinch
4th U.S. Infantry

General Gaines remained at his namesake fort only four days, although he returned several more times over the next two years. Behind he left Lt. Col. Clinch and his men to complete work on the new stockade.

Maj. John M. Davis, who visited Fort Gaines during the fall of that year, described it in a report filed the following spring:

Statue of Creek chief Otis Mico at Frontier Village in Fort Gaines, GA.
Statue of Creek chief Otis Mico at Frontier Village in Fort Gaines, GA.

Fort Gaines is a commanding situation on the East bank of the Chatahoochie river, about the 32d Degree of North latitude. – It is a small stockade work with two Block houses at diagonal angles, where there is at present a small detachment of the 4th Regiment of Infantry. This place is sufficient for the reception of one company – is considered a healthy situation, but somewhat difficult to get supplies of provisions &c. As every article that is got there has to be waggoned from Georgia, a distance of one hundred miles through a wilderness country, to the Chatahoochie river, where the Federal road crosses – thence it is taken by water to Fort Gaines. (Maj. John M. Davis, Inspection Report, April 30, 1817)

The original fort was occupied by the army until 1821 and played an important role as a supply depot during the First Seminole War of 1817-1818. The site is marked today by a one-third scale replica of one of the log blockhouses.

Frontier Village Fort Gaines, GA
Frontier Village
Fort Gaines, GA

Fort Gaines will officially celebrate its 200th anniversary on the weekend of April 8-9, 2016, with “A Skirmish at Fort Gaines.” The event will take place at the Frontier Village at 100 Bluff Street (adjacent to the original fort site) and will be underway from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Eastern time on both Saturday and Sunday.

There will be demonstrators, reenactors, vendors, BBQ, live music and even a daily reenactment of a battle between early settlers and Creek warriors. The reenactment will start each day at 2 p.m. Eastern and has an admission fee of $5 for Adults (free for kids under 10).

Please click here to learn more about Skirmish at Fort Gaines.

Enjoy some video scenes of the Fort Gaines blockhouse by clicking play below:

2nd Seminole/Creek War on the Apalachicola River, FL

U.S. regular and militia forces battled bands of refugee Creek warriors engaged in a bloody war for survival along Florida’s Apalachicola River in 1836-1843.  The following full-length program from Two Egg TV features a discussion by historian and author Dale Cox recorded at the Apalachicola Arsenal & Conference Center in Chattahoochee, FL.

To watch other great programs, be sure to visit our main page at